Anaerobic Exercise and Interval Training
Anaerobic exercise is where the body is exercising at such a rate that the blood stream cannot supply oxygen to muscles fast enough.
This is essentially exercise without oxygen.
This happens during high intensity and cannot be held for long periods of time.
A product of your muscle exercising in an oxygen deprived environment is large amounts of lactic Acid. Lactic acid begins building up inside the muscle at a rate faster than it can be cleared creating muscle failure.
Anaerobic exercise refers to anaerobic muscle respiration and not respiration as a whole. The muscle still receives oxygen, just an insufficient supply to meet the demands of the activity.
What is anaerobic capacity?
Anaerobic capacity is referred to as anaerobic threshold or lactate threshold.
It refers to the point in the anaerobic exercise when the lactic acid starts to build up at a rate greater than it can be removed out of the muscle.
It is perhaps one of the best indicators of performance in athletes.
Traditionally an athlete with a higher VO2Max was considered fitter; however an athlete with a lower VO2Max but higher anaerobic threshold would be able to go further faster without experiencing muscle failure than an athlete with high VO2Max and a low anaerobic threshold.
Your anaerobic threshold can be improved with training.
Types of anaerobic sports
Football, Basketball, Rugby, Hockey and Soccer are all examples of anaerobic sports.
An anaerobic sport is anything activity requiring brief spurts of high intensity activity.
What is an anaerobic workout?
Examples of anaerobic workout would be weight lifting or interval training.
Anaerobic training tips
Your anaerobic threshold can be improved with training but this requires an exercise which allows you to spend an extended period of time above your anaerobic threshold. An exercise routine that can achieve this is HIIT
HIIT allows you to spend a long cumulative time in an anaerobic state by alternating high intensity activities with periods of rest and recovery.